Fruits & Seeds

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A

AKEBIA FRUIT - FRUCTUS AKEBIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Akebia Fruit Fructus Akebiae Ba Yue Zha 八月札

B

BELVEDERE FRUIT - FRUCTUS KOCHIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Belvedere Fruit Fructus Kochiae Di Fu Zi 地肤子 The mature fruit of annual herbaceous plant Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. of family Chenopodiaceae.

BITTER APRICOT SEED - SEMEN ARMENIACAE AMARAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Bitter Apricot Seed Semen Armeniacae Amarae Xing Ren 杏仁 Ku xing ren(苦杏仁) The dry ripe seeds of the deciduous arbor plant Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansu Maxim, P. sibirica L. P. mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne, or P. armeniaca L. of family Rosaceae.

BITTER ORANGE - FRUCTUS AURANTII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Bitter Orange Fructus Aurantii Zhi Qiao 枳壳

BLACK SESAME SEEDS - SEMEN SESAMI INDICI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Black Sesame Seeds Semen Sesami Indici Hei Zhi Ma 黑芝麻 Hei Zhi Mais the dried ripe seed of Sasamum Indicum DC, family Pedaliaceae

BOAT-FRUITED SCAPHIUM SEED - SEMEN STERCULIAE LYCHNOPHORAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Boat-fruited Scaphium Seed Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae Pang Da Hai  胖大海

C

CAPE JASMINE FRUIT - FRUCTUS GARDENIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Cape Jasmine Fruit Fructus Gardeniae Zhi Zi  栀子 The ripe fruits of Gardenia jasminnoides Ellis.

CASSIA SEED - SEMEN CASSIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Cassia Seed Semen Cassiae Jue Ming Zi  决明子 The ripe seed of annual herb Cassia obtusifolia L. or C. tora L. of family Leguminosae.

CHEROKEE ROSE FRUIT - FRUCTUS ROSAE LAEVIGATAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Cherokee Rose Fruit Fructus Rosae Laevigatae Jin Ying Zi 金樱子 The ripe fruit of the perennial woody plant Rosa laevigata Michx. of the family Rosaceae.

CHINESE DODDER SEED - SEMEN CUSCUTAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Chinese Dodder Seed Semen Cuscutae Tu Si Zi 菟丝子 The ripe fruit of the annual parasitic herbaceous plant Cuscuta chinensis Lam. of the family Convolvulus.

CHINESE HONEYLOCUST - SEMEN GLEDITSIAE SINENSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Chinese Honeylocust Semen Gleditsiae Sinensis Zao Jia Zi  皂荚子

CHINESE WAXGOURD SEED - SEMEN BENINCASAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Chinese Waxgourd Seed Semen Benincasae Dong Gua Zi 冬瓜子

COCKSCOMB FLOWER - FLOS CELOSIAE CRISTATAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Cockscomb Flower Flos Celosiae Cristatae Ji Guan Hua  鸡冠花

COIX SEED - SEMEN COICIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Coix Seed Semen Coicis Yi Yi Ren  薏苡仁 The dried mature seed of perennial herbaceous plant Coixlacrymajobi L. var. mayuan (Roman.) stapf of family Gramineae.

COMMON CNIDIUM FRUIT - FRUCTUS CNIDII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Common Cnidium Fruit Fructus Cnidii She Chuang Zi  蛇床子 The mature fruit of annual herb Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. of family Umbelliferae.

CORN STIGMA - STIGMA MAYDIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Corn Stigma Stigma Maydis Yu Mi Xu  玉米须

COWHERB SEED - SEMEN VACCARIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Cowherb Seed Semen Vaccariae Wang Bu Liu Xing 王不留行

D

DARK PLUM FRUIT - FRUCTUS MUME
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Dark Plum Fruit Fructus Mume Wu Mei  乌梅 The near mature fruits of perennial deciduous arbor plant Prunus mume (Sieb.) Sieb. et Zucc. , of family Rosaceae.

E

EVODIA FRUIT - FRUCTUS EVODIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Evodia Fruit Fructus Evodiae Wu Zhu Yu 吴茱萸 The nearly mature fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth., E . rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. var. offcinalis (Dode) Huang or E. rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. var. bodinieri (Dode) Huang of family Rutaceae.

F

FINGER CITRON - FRUCTUS CITRI SARCODACTYLIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Finger Citron Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis Fo Shou 佛手 The fruit of Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingle. of family Rutaceae.

FLATTENED MILKVETCH SEED - SEMEN ASTRAGALI COMPLANATI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Flattened Milkvetch Seed Semen Astragali Complanati Sha Yuan Zi 沙苑子 The ripe seed of the perennial herbaceous plant Astragalus complanatus R. Br. of family Fulse.

FUZZY FOOT - OMPHALIA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Fuzzy Foot Omphalia Lei Wan  雷丸 The dry sclerotium of Omphalia lapidescens Schroet. of family Polyporaceae.

G

GLOSSY PIVET FRUIT - FRUCTUS LIGUSTRI LUCIDI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Glossy Pivet Fruit Fructus Ligustri Lucidi Nv Zhen Zi 女贞子 The ripe fruit of the evergreen tree Ligustrum lucidum Ait. of family Oleaceae.

GOJI BERRY - LYCIUM BARBARUM L.
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Goji Berry Lycium Barbarum L. Gou Qi  枸杞

GORDON EURYALE SEED - SEMEN EURYALES
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Gordon Euryale Seed Semen Euryales Qian Shi  芡实 The ripe seeds of the annual plant Euryale ferox Salisb. of the family Nyphaeace.

GRAND TORREYA SEED - SEMEN TORREYAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Grand Torreya Seed Semen Torreyae Fei Zi  榧子 The dry ripe seed of evergreen tree Torreya grandis Fort. of family Taxaceae.

H

HAWTHORN FRUIT - FRUCTUS CRATAEGI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Hawthorn Fruit Fructus Crataegi Shan Zha  山楂 The ripe fruit of the deciduous shrub or small arbor plant Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N. E. Br or C. pinnatifida Bge. of family Rosaceae.

HEMP SEED - SEMEN CANNABIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Hemp Seed Semen Cannabis Huo Ma Ren  火麻仁 The ripe fruit of Cannabis sativa L. of family Mulberry.

I

IMMATURE BITTER ORANGE - FRUCTUS AURANTII IMMATURUS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Immature Bitter Orange Fructus Aurantii Immaturus Zhi Shi 枳实 The immature fruit of Citrus aurantium L. or C. sinensis Osbeck. of family Rutaceae.

J

JAVA BRUCEA FRUIT - FRUCTUS BRUCEAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Java Brucea Fruit Fructus Bruceae Ya Dan Zi  鸭旦子 (鸦胆子)

L

LOTUS SEED - SEMEN NELUMBINIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Lotus Seed Semen Nelumbinis Lian Zi  莲子 The ripe seeds of the perennial herbaceous plant Nelumbo uncifera Gaertn. of the family Nymphaeace phaeaceae.

M

MALAYTEA SCURFPEA FRUIT - FRUCTUS PSORALEAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit Fructus Psoraleae Bu Gu Zhi  破故紙(补骨脂) The ripe fruit of the annual herbaceous plants Psoralea corylifolia L. of family Fulse.

MANGOSTEEN - FRUCTUS MOMORDICAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Mangosteen Fructus Momordicae Luo Han Guo 罗汉果

MEDICINE TERMINALIA FRUIT - FRUCTUS CHEBULAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Medicine Terminalia Fruit Fructus Chebulae He Zi  诃子 The ripe fruits of perennial plant Terminalia chebula Retz. or T. chebula Retz. var. tomentella Kurt. , perennial herb of family Combretaceae.

MELON PEEL - EXOCARPIUM BENINCASAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Melon Peel Exocarpium Benincasae Dong Gua Pi  冬瓜皮

MOTHERWORT FRUIT - FRUCTUS LEONURI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Motherwort Fruit Fructus Leonuri Chong Wei Zi 茺蔚子

MULBERRY - FRUCTUS MORI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Mulberry Fructus Mori Sang Shen Zi 桑椹子

P

PAPAYA - FRUCTUS CARICAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Papaya Fructus Caricae Fan Mu Gua 番木瓜

PEPPERWEED SEED - SEMEN LEPIDII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pepperweed Seed Semen Lepidii Ting Li Zi 葶苈子 The dry ripe seed of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. or Lepidium apetalum Wild. of family Cruciferae.

PERILLA SEEDS - PERILLA FRUTESCENS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Perilla Seeds Perilla Frutescens Bai Su Zi  白苏子 (Su zi 苏子)

PLANTAIN SEED - SEMEN PLANTAGINIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Plantain Seed Semen Plantaginis Che Qian Zi  车前子 The mature seed of the perennial herbaceous plant Plantago asiatica L. or P. depressa Willd. of family Aginaceae.

PLATYCLADI SEED - SEMEN PLATYCLADI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Platycladi Seed Semen Platycladi Bai Zi Ren 柏子仁 The dry ripe kernel of Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco of family Cupressaceae.

POMEGRANATE RIND - PERICARPIUM GRANATI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pomegranate Rind Pericarpium Granati Shi Liu Pi 石榴皮 The peel of the perennial woody plants Punica granatum L. of the Pomegranate family.

PUNCTUREVINE CALTROP FRUIT - FRUCTUS TRIBULI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Puncturevine Caltrop Fruit Fructus Tribuli Ji Li 蒺藜 The dry ripe fruit of Tribulus terestris L. of family Zygophyllaceae.

PALMLEAF RASPBERRY FRUIT - FRUCTUS RUBI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit Fructus Rubi Fu Pen Zi 覆盆子 The unripe fruit of the perennial woody plant Rubus chingii Hu. of the family Rosaceae.

PEACH SEED - SEMEN PERSICAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Peach Seed Semen Persicae Tao Ren 桃仁 The dry ripe seed of deciduous tree Prunus persica (L.) Batsch or P. davidiana (Carr. ) Franch. of family Rosaceae.

R

RANGOONCREEPER FRUIT - FRUCTUS QUISQUALIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Rangooncreeper Fruit Fructus Quisqualis Shi Jun Zi  使君子 The dry ripe seed of the deciduous lianoid shrub lianoid machaka of Quisqualis indica L. of family Combretaceae.

ROSEROOT - RHODIOLA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Roseroot Rhodiola Hong Jing Tian  红景天

S

SCHISANDRA BERRY - FRUCTUS SCHISANDRA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Schisandra Berry Fructus Schisandra Wu Wei Zi 五味子 The ripe fruits of perennial plant of either Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill or Schisandra sphenanthera Rend. et Wills, perennial herb of family Magnoliaceae. The former is called Bei Wu Wei Zi (Northern Fructus Schisandrae), and the latter is Nan Wu Wei Zi (Southern Fructus Schisandrae).

SIBERIAN COCKLOUR FRUIT - FRUCTUS XANTHII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Siberian Cocklour Fruit Fructus Xanthii Cang Er Zi 苍耳子 Mature involucral fruit of annual herbaceous plant Xanthium sibiricum Patr. of family Compositae.

SICHUAN CHINABERRY FRUIT - FRUCTUS TOOSENDAN
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Sichuan Chinaberry Fruit Fructus Toosendan Chuan Lian Zi 川楝子 The ripe fruit of deciduous arbor plant Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc. of family Meliaceae.

SICHUAN PEPPER - PERICARPIUM ZANTHOXYLI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Sichuan Pepper Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Hua Jiao 蜀椒(Si chuan hua jiao 四川花椒) The mature pericarp of Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb. et Zucc. or Z. bungeanum Maxim. of family Rutaceae.

SNAKEGOURD FRUIT - FRUCTUS TRICHOSANTHIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Snakegourd Fruit Fructus Trichosanthis Gua Lou 瓜蔞 The dry ripe fruit of perennial herbaceous vine plant Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. or T. rosthornii Harms of family Cucur-bitaceae.

SPINA DATE SEED - SEMEN ZIZIPHI SPINOSAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Spina Date Seed Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Suan Zao Ren 酸枣仁 The dry ripe seed of deciduous shrub or small arbor Ziziphus jujube Mill. Var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chou of family Rhamnaceae.

SOPHORA BUD - FLOS SOPHORAE IMMATURUS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Sophora Bud Flos Sophorae Immaturus Huai Hua 槐花 The dried bud or flower of deciduous macrophanerophytes of Sophora japonica L. of family Pulse.

SOPHORA FRUIT - FRUCTUS SOPHORAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Sophora Fruit Fructus Sophorae Huai Jiao 槐角

T

TANGERINE PEEL - PERICARPIUM CITRI RETICULATAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Tangerine Peel Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Chen Pi 陈皮 The pericarp of evergreen small arbor Citrus reticulata Blanco of family Rutaceae.

TUBER ONION SEED - SEMEN ALLII TUBEROSI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Tuber Onion Seed Semen Allii Tuberosi Jiu Cai Zi  韭菜子

V

VILLOUS AMOMUM FRUIT - FRUCTUS AMOMI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Villous Amomum Fruit Fructus Amomi Sha Ren  砂仁 The mature fruit of Amomum villosum Lour, A. villosum Lour. var. xanthioides T. L. Wu. Et Senjen or A. longiligulare T. L. Wu. of family Zingiberaceae.

VITEX FRUIT/ SIMPLELEAF SHRUB CHASTETREE FRUIT - FRUCTUS VITICIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Vitex Fruit/ Simpleleaf Shrub Chastetree Fruit Fructus Viticis Man Jing Zi 蔓荆子 Mature fruit of shrubby plant Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. or V. trifolia L. of family Verbenaceae.

W

WEEPING FORSYTHIAE CAPSULE - FRUCTUS FORSYTHIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Weeping Forsythiae Capsule Fructus Forsythiae Lian Qiao  连翘 The fruits of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb. ) Vahl. of family Caprifoliaceae.

WHITE HYACINTH BEAN - SEMEN LABLAB ALBUM
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
White Hyacinth Bean Semen Lablab Album Bian Dou 扁豆 (Bai bian dou 白扁豆)

WHITE MUSTARD SEED - SEMEN SINAPIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
White Mustard Seed Semen Sinapis Bai Jie Zi 白芥子 The dry ripe seed of annual or over annual herbaceous plant Sinapis alba L. or Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. et Coss. of family Cruciferae.