Roots

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A

AMERICAN GINSENG - PANAX QUINQUEFOLIUS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
American ginseng Radix Panacis Quinquefolii Xi Yang Shen 西洋参 The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Panax quinquefolium L. of the family Araliaceae.

AMPELOPSIS ROOT - RADIX AMPELOPSIS CANTONIENSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Ampelopsis Root Radix Ampelopsis Cantoniensis Bai Lian 白蔹

ARROWSHAPED TINOSPORA ROOT - RADIX TINOSPORAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Arrowshaped Tinospora Root Radix Tinosporae Jin Guo Lan    金果榄

ASTRAGALUS ROOT - RADIX ASTRAGALI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Astragalus Root Radix Astragali Huang Qi 黄耆(黄芪) The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao or A. membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. of family Leguminosae.

B

BAIKAL SKULLCAP - RADIX SCUTELLARIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Baikal Skullcap Radix Scutellariae Huang Qin 黄芩 The root of perennial herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi of family Labiatae.

C

CHINESE ANGELICA - RADIX ANGELICAE SINENSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Chinese Angelica Radix Angelicae Sinensis Dang Gui 当归 The root of the perennial herbaceous plants Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diele of family Umbelliferae.

CHINESE GENTIAN - RADIX GENTIANAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Chinese Gentian Radix Gentianae Long Dan 龙胆 The root or rhizome of perennial herb Gentiana scabra Bge or Ctriflora pall or G. manshurica Kitag of family Gentianaceae.

COSTUSTOOT - RADIX AUCKLANDIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Costustoot Radix Aucklandiae Mu Xiang 木香 The root of fucklandia lappa Decne or Vladimiria Souliei (Franch.) Ling. of family Compositae.

CHINESE LIGUSTICUM RHIZOME - RHIZOMA LIGUSTICI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Chinese Ligusticum Rhizome Rhizoma Ligustici Gao Ben 槁本

CHINESE PARIS RHIZOME - RHIZOMA PARIDIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Chinese Paris Rhizome Rhizoma Paridis Chong Lou 重楼

CHINESE THOROWAX ROOT - RADIX BUPLEURI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Chinese Thorowax Root Radix Bupleuri Chai Hu 柴胡 The root of perennial herb Bupleurum chinensis DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium of family Umbelliferae. Separately named Bei Chai Hu or Nan Chai Hu.

CLEMATIS ROOT - RADIX CLEMATIDIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Clematis Root Radix Clematidis Wei Ling Xian   威灵仙 The roots and rhizomes of Clematis chinensis Osbeck, C. hexapetala Pall. or C. manshurica
Rupr. of family Ranunculaceae.

COASTAL GLEHNIA ROOT - RADIX GLEHNIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Coastal Glehnia Root Radix Glehniae Bei Sha Shen   北沙参 The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Glehnia littoralis Fr. Schmidt ex Miq. of family Umbelliferae.

COMBINED SPICEBUSH ROOT - RADIX LINDERAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Combined Spicebush Root Radix Linderae Wu Yao 乌药 The root tuber of Lindera aggregata (Sims.) Kosterm. of family Lauraceae.

COMMON CURCULIGO RHIZOME - RHIZOMA CURCULIGINIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Common Curculigo Rhizome Rhizoma Curculiginis Xian Mao  仙茅

COMMON MONKSHOOD MOTHER ROOT - RADIX ACONITI PREPARATA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Common Monkshood Mother Root Radix Aconiti Preparata Chuan Wu 川乌 The tuberous root of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. of family Ranunculaceae.

CYRTOMIUM RHIZOME - RHIZOMA CYRTOMII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Cyrtomium Rhizome Rhizoma Cyrtomii Guan zhong 贯众 The rhizome with leafstalk of Dryopteris crassirhizoma Nakai of family Dryopteridaceae.

D

DIVARICATE SAPOSHNIKOVIA ROOT/ FANG FENG - RADIX SAPOSHNIKOVIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root/ Fang Feng Radix Saposhnikoviae Fang Feng 防风 The root of perennial herbaceous plant Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk. of family Umbelliferae.

DRIED GINGER - RHIZOMA ZINGIBERIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Dried Ginger Rhizoma Zingiberis Gan Jiang 干姜 The rhizome of the perennial herbaceous plant Zingibor officinale Rosc. of family Zingiberaceae.

DWARF LILYTURF TUBER - RADIX OPHIOPOGONIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber Radix Ophiopogonis Mai Dong 麥冬(麦冬) The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker-Gawl. of family Liliaceae.

F

FIGWORTFLOWER PICRORHIZA RHIZOME - RHIZOMA PICRORHIZAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Figwortflower Picrorhiza Rhizome Rhizoma Picrorhizae Hu Huang Lian  胡黄连 The rhizome of Picrorhiza serophulariiflora Pennell of family Scrophulariacea.

FOURSTAMEN STEPHANIA ROOT - RADIX STEPHANIAE TETRANDRAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Fourstamen Stephania Root Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae Fang Ji 防己 The root of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore of family Menispermaceae.

G

GARDEN BURNET ROOT - RADIX SANGUISORBAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Garden Burnet Root Radix Sanguisorbae Di Yu 地榆 The root of perennial herb Sanguisorba officinalis L. or root of S. officinalis L. var. longifolia ( Bert. ) Yu. et Li. of family Rosaceae.

GIANT TYPHONIUM RHIZOME - RHIZOMA TYPHONII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Giant Typhonium Rhizome Rhizoma Typhonii Bai Fu 白附子 The dry tuber of perennial herbaceous plant Typhonium giganteum Engl. of family Araceae.

GRASSLEAF SWEELFLAG RHIZOME - RHIZOMA ACORI GRAMINEI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Grassleaf Sweelflag Rhizome Rhizoma Acori Graminei Chang Pu 菖蒲 The dry rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant Acorus tatarinowii Schott. of family Araceae.

H

HETEROPHYLLY FALSESTARWORT ROOT - RADIX PSEUDOSTELLARIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Heterophylly Falsestarwort Root Radix Pseudostellariae Tai Zi Shen    太子参 The root tuber of the plant Pseudostellaria heterophylla (Miq.) Pax. Ex Hoffm. of family Club Moss.

HYPOGLAUCOUS COLLETT YAM RHIZOME - RHIZOMA DIOSCOREAE HYPOGLAUCAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Hypoglaucous Collett Yam Rhizome Rhizoma Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Bi Xie 萆薢 The rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant Dioscorea septemloba Thunb., D. futschauensis Uline ex R. Kunth or D. hypoglauca Palibin. of family Dioscoreaceae.

I

INCISED NOTOPTERYGIUM RHIZOME AND ROOT - RHIZOMA SEU RADIX NOTOPTERYGII
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Incised notopterygium rhizome and root Rhizoma Seu Radix Notopterygii Qiang Huo  羌活 The dry rhizome and root of perennial herbaceous plant Notopterygium incisum Ting. ex H. T. Chang or N. forbesii Boiss. of family Umbelli ferae.

J

JAPANESE YAM - RHIZOMA DIOSCOREAE NIPPONICAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Japanese Yam Rhizoma Dioscoreae Nipponicae Chuan Shan Long 穿山龙

K

KUDZUVINE ROOT - RADIX PUERARIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Kudzuvine Root Radix Puerariae Gan Ge 干葛 The root of the perennial Liane Pueraria Lobata (wild.) Ohwi. or Pueraria thomsonii Benth. which belongs to the family of leguminosae.

L

LALANG GRASS RHIZOME - RHIZOMA IMPERATAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Lalang Grass Rhizome Rhizoma Imperatae Bai Mao Gen    白茅根 The rhizome of perennial herb Imperata cylindrica Beauv. var. major (Nees.) C. E. Hubb. of family Gramineae.

LARGEHEAD ATRACTYLODES RHIZOME - RHIZOMA ATRACTYLODIS MACROCEPHALAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Bai Zhu  白术 The rhizome of the perennial herbaceous plants Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. of family Compositae.

LARGELEAF GENTIAN ROOT - RADIX GENTIANEA MACROPHYLLAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Largeleaf Gentian Root Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae Qin Jiao 秦艽 The root of herbaceous plant Gentiana macrophylla Pall., G. straminea Maxim., G. crassicaulis Duthie ex Burk. or G. dahurica Fiseh of family Gentianaceae. The former three are usually called Qin Jiao and Ma Hua Jiao according to different characters, while the last one is often termed as Xiao Qin Jiao.

LARGETRIFOLIOLIOUS BUGBANE RHIZOME - RHIZOMA CIMICIFUGAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Largetrifoliolious Bugbane Rhizome Rhizoma Cimicifugae Sheng Ma 升麻 Root of perennial plant Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom or C. dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim or C. foetida L. of family Ranunculaceae.

LIGHTYELLOW SOPHORA ROOT - RADIX SOPHORAE FLAVESCENTIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Lightyellow Sophora Root Radix Sophorae Flavescentis Ku Shen 苦参 The root of deuto shrub Sophora flavescens Ait. of family Leguminosae.

LIQUORICE - RADIX GLYCYRRHIZAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Liquorice Radix Glycyrrhizae Gan Cao  甘草 The root and rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. , G. inflata Bat.or L. glabra L.of family Leguminosae.

LOTUS RHIZOME NODE - NODUS NELUMBINIS RHIZOMATIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Lotus Rhizome Node Nodus Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Ou Jie 藕节

M

MADDER ROOT - RADIX RUBIACEAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Madder Root Radix Rubiaceae Qian Cao Gen   茜草根 The dry root and rhizome of perennial trailing herbaceous plant Rubia cordifolia L. of family Rubiaceae.

MEDICINAL CYATHULA ROOT - RADIX CYATHULAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Medicinal Cyathula Root Radix Cyathulae Chuan Niu Xi   川牛膝

MEDICINAL INDIANMULBERRY ROOT - RADIX MORINDAE OFFICINALIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Medicinal Indianmulberry Root Radix Morindae Officinalis Ba Ji  巴吉 Bajitian (巴戟天) The root of the vine bush plants Morinda officinalis How. of family Madder.

MODERATE ASIABELL ROOT - RADIX CODONOPSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Moderate Asiabell Root Radix Codonopsis Dang Shen 党参 The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Codonopsis Pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. , C. Pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen, or C. tangshen Oliv. of the family Campanuulaceae.

N

NARDOSTACHYOS ROOT AND RHIZOME - RADIX NARDOSTACHYOS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Nardostachyos Root and Rhizome Radix Nardostachyos Gan Song 甘松

NATURAL INDIGO - INDIGO NATURALIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Natural Indigo Indigo Naturalis Qing Dai  青黛 A kind of dried powder or clumping processed from the leaf or stem with leaf of Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek, Polygonum tinctorium Ait or Isatis indigotica Fort. of family Acanthaceae.

O

ORIENTAL WATERPLANTAIN RHIZOME - RHIZOMA ALISMATIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome Rhizoma Alismatis Ze Xie 泽泻 The stem tuber of Alisma orientalis (Sam.) Juzep. of family Alismataceae.

P

PANICULATE SWALLOWWORT ROOT - RADIX CYNANCHI PANICULATI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Paniculate Swallowwort Root Radix Cynanchi Paniculati Xu Chang Qing  徐长卿

PEDATE PINALLIA JACKINTHEPULPIT RHIZOME - RHIZOMA ARISAEMATIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pedate Pinallia Jackinthepulpit Rhizome Rhizoma Arisaematis Tian Nan Xing  天南星 The dry tuber of perennial herbaceous plant Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott, A. heterophyllum Bl. or A. amurense Maxim. of family Araceae.

PINELLIA TUBER - RHIZOME PINELLIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pinellia Tuber Rhizoma Pinelliae Ban Xia 半夏 The dry tuber of perennial herbaceous plant Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit. of family Araceae.

PLATYCODON ROOT - RADIX PLATYCODI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Platycodon Root Radix Platycodi Jie Geng  桔梗 The dry root of perennial herbaceous plant Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. of family Campanulaceae.

POKEBERRY ROOT - RADIX PHYTOLACCAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pokeberry Root Radix Phytolaccae Shang Lu 商陸 The root of Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. or P. americana L. of family Phytolaccaceae.

PSEUDOGINSENG ROOT - RADIX NOTOGINSENG
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Pseudoginseng Root Radix Notoginseng San Qi 三七 The root of perennial herbaceous plant Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen. of family Araliaceae.

PUBESCENT HOLLY ROOT - RADIX ILICIS PUBESCENTIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Pubescent Holly Root Radix Ilicis Pubescentis Mao Dong Qing  毛冬青

R

RADDE ANEMONE ROOT - RHIZOMA ANEMONES RADDEANAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Radde Anemone Root Rhizoma Anemones Raddeanae Liang Tou Jian 两头尖

RADIX ANGELICAE DAHURICAE - RADIX ANGELICAE DAHURICAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Dahurian Angelica Root Radix Angelicae Dahuricae Bai Zhi  白芷 The root of perennial herbaceous plant Angelica dahurica (Fisch. ex Hoffm.) benth. et Hook. f. or Angelica dahuriea (Fisch. ex Hoffm) Benth. et Hook. f. var. formosana (Boiss.) Shan. et Yuan of family Umbelliferae.

RAMIE ROOT - RADIX BOEHMERIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Ramie Root Radix Boehmeriae Zhu Ma Gen     苧麻根 The root and rhizome of perennial herb Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud. of family Boehmeriae.

REED RHIZOME - RHIZOMA PHRAGMITIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Reed Rhizome Rhizoma Phragmitis Lu Gen 芦根 The rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant gramineae-Phragmites communis (L. ) Trin.

RED GINSENG - PANAX GINSENG
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Red Ginseng Panax Ginseng Hong Shen 红参

REDROOT GROMWELL ROOT - RADIX ARNEBIAE/LITHOSPERMI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Redroot Gromwell Root Radix Arnebiae/Lithospermi Zi Cao  紫草 The root of Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst., Lithospermum erythrorhizon Sieb. et Zucc or A. guttata Bunge of family Lithospermi.

RED PAEONY ROOT - RADIX PAEONIAE RUBRA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Red Paeony Root Radix Paeoniae Rubra Chi Shao 赤芍 The root of Paeonia lactiflora Pall, or P. veitchii Lynch of family Ranunculaceae.

RED SAGE ROOT - RADIX SALVIAE MILTIORRHIZAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Red Sage Root Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae Dan Shen 丹参 The dry root and rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. of family Labiatae.

REHMANNIA ROOT - RADIX REHMANNIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Rehmannia Root Radix Rehmanniae Di Huang 地黃 The root tuber of perennial herbaceous plant Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch of family Scrophulariacea.

RHIZOMA SMILACIS GLABRAE
Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae Tu Fu Ling 土茯苓 The stem tuber of Smilax glabra Roxb. of family Liliciceae.

RHUBARB - RADIX ET RHIZOMA RHEI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Rhubarb Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Da Huang 大黄 The root or rhizome of perennial herbaceous plant Rheum palmatum L., or R. tanguticum Maxim. ex. Balf. or R. officinale Baill of family Rhubarb.

ROOT OF GREAT BURDOCK - ARCTIUM LAPPA
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Root of Great Burdock Radix Arctii Niu Bang Gen   牛蒡根

S

STARWORT ROOT - RADIX STELLARIAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Starwort Root Radix Stellariae Yin Chai Hu    银柴胡 The root of Stellaria dichotoma L. var. lanceolata Bge of family Pink.

T

TUBER FLEECEFLOWER ROOT - RADIX POLYGONI MULTIFLORI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Tuber Fleeceflower Root Radix Polygoni Multiflori He Shou Wu     何首乌 The root tuber of the perennial twining plants Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. of family Knotweed.

TATARIAN ASTER ROOT - RADIX ASTERIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Tatarian Aster Root Radix Asteris Zi Wan 紫菀 The dry root and Rhizoma of perennial herbaceous plant Aster tataricus L. f. of family Compositae.

TURMERIC - RHIZOMA CURCUMAE LONGAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Turmeric Rhizoma Curcumae Longae Jiang Huang  姜黄 The root tuber of perennial herbaceous plant Curcuma Longa L. of family Zingiberaceae.

TWOTOOTH ACHYRANTHES ROOT - RADIX ACHYRANTHES BIDENTATAE
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Twotooth Achyranthes Root Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae Niu Xi 牛膝 The dry root of perennial herbaceous plant Achyranthes bidentata Bl. and Cyathula officinalis Kuan of family Amaranthaceae.

U

UNIFLOWER SWISSCENTAURY ROOT - RADIX RHAPONTICI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Uniflower Swisscentaury Root Radix Rhapontici Lou Lu 漏芦

USSURIENSIS FRITILLARY BULB - BULBUS FRITILLARIAE USSURIENSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name:
Ussuriensis Fritillary Bulb Bulbus Fritillariae Ussuriensis Ping Bei Mu    平贝母

V

VIETNAMESE SOPHORA ROOT - RADIX SOPHORAE TONKINENSIS
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Vietnamese Sophora Root Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis Shan Dou Gen   山豆根 The root and rhizoma of Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep. of family Leguminosae.

W

WHITEFLOWER HOGFENNEL ROOT - RADIX PEUCEDANI
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
Whiteflower Hogfennel Root Radix Peucedani Qian Hu 前胡 The dry root of perennial herbaceous plant Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn. of family Umbelliferae.

WHITE PAEONY ROOT - RADIX PAEONIAE ALBA.
English Name: Latin Name: Chinese Name: Origin:
White Paeony Root Radix Paeoniae Alba. Bai Shao  白芍 The root of the perennial herbaceous plants Paeonia lactiflora Pall. of family Buttercup.

E

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